How did Barker & Dobson become one of the largest confectionery manufacturers in Britain?
Joseph Dobson (1801 – 1864) established a grocery shop on Henry Street in Liverpool from 1834. He was declared bankrupt in 1841.
Using the maiden name of his wife, he commenced trade as Barker & Dobson from 1844 and the business was relocated to Paradise Street.
Dobson was declared bankrupt again in 1861. One of the trustees of the estate was George Bassett (1818 – 1886), confectioner of Sheffield.
Barker & Dobson had relocated to 6 Duke Street by 1870. The main business was in imported French confectionery.
The business was taken over by Henry Dobson Jacobson (1867 – 1961), grandson of Joseph Dobson, in 1889.
Jacobson was to prove the impetus behind the subsequent growth of Barker & Dobson. He relocated the business to Hope Street and entered into confectionery and chocolate manufacturing. Over 100 people were employed in sweet and chocolate manufacture by 1897. The leading product line was Walnut Toffee, with sales of over 900 kg a week.
Barker & Dobson operated three confectionery shops which specialised in the sale of imported confectionery from France, Germany and America.
Jacobson was a great believer in the power of advertising, and bought space in newspapers, and invested in enticing product labels and packaging.
Barker & Dobson established a factory and head office at Franklin Place, in the Everton district of Liverpool, in 1906.
Barker & Dobson was incorporated as a public company from 1919 in order to fund expansion.
Premises had been established at London as well as Liverpool by 1924.
A disused tram depot on Whitefield Road, Liverpool was acquired and converted into a factory in 1926. The new factory adjoined the Franklin Place site.
Barker & Dobson had a authorised share capital of £500,000 by 1928. The business employed over 1,200 people.
H D Jacobson became chairman, and appointed his brother, Percy Isidore Jacobson (1873 – 1961), as managing director.
Sale to Scribbans-Kemp
Barker & Dobson was one of the largest manufacturers of chocolate and boiled sweets in Britain by the post-war period. Following the Second World War the company began to struggle to meet demand for its products, and required an increase in capital.
Barker & Dobson was acquired by Scribbans-Kemp of Birmingham, a large cake and biscuit manufacturer, in 1952. Scribbans-Kemp established a new sugar confectionery factory and offices in 1955.
Bensons, a sweet manufacturer based in Bury, Lancashire, was acquired in 1956-7.
P I Jacobson died with a gross estate of £353,003 in 1961. H D Jacobson also died in 1961 with a gross estate of £865,359.
Fryer & Co of Nelson, Lancashire was acquired for £1.2 million in 1965. The company had invented the jelly baby, and produced the Victory V cough sweet.
Scribbans-Kemp changed its name to S K Holdings in the early 1970s.
Waller & Hartley of Blackpool, with the Hacks cough sweet brand, was acquired for £4.7 million in 1972.
18 percent of production was exported to 86 different countries in 1972. The principal foreign markets were North and South America. The Everton Mint remained the highest-selling product line.
S K Holdings changed its name to Barker & Dobson from 1973.
The five confectionery factories in Lancashire employed over 2,000 people by 1974. The Liverpool factory produced 250 tons of sweets per week.
The Blackpool and Southport factories were closed with the loss of 450 jobs in 1974.
Barker & Dobson distributed Ferrero products such as Tic-Tacs for the British market from 1974.
Barker & Dobson suffered heavy losses in the mid-1970s. A stake in Hacks Malaysia was divested in 1976.
Barker & Dobson was forced to remove the 0.2 percent chloroform component from its Victory V sweet recipe from 1981, due to a change in the law. Sales of their highest-selling product immediately slumped by 25 percent.
The Barker & Dobson factory in Dublin was closed in 1982.
The Whitefield Road factory was closed with the loss of about 360 jobs in 1983. The sugar confectionery market was in decline, and the ageing factory would have needed extensive repairs in order to remain operational. 200 administrative staff remained at the Whitefield Road offices.
Only Bury and Nelson remained as large factories within the company. There were also smaller factories in Dundee and east London.
Barker & Dobson held the British distribution rights for Marabou products, such as the Daim/Dime chocolate bar, by 1984.
Barker & Dobson sold its newsagents business, with 150 outlets, to Guinness for £10 million in 1985. A high-class chocolate shop on Bond Street, London was retained.
Keiller, the butterscotch and marmalade manufacturer, was acquired for £4.9 million in 1985.
The highest-selling product lines in 1985 were Hacks, Victory V and Everton Mints.
The Whitefield Road offices were closed in 1985, and headquarters were relocated to Bury.
Barker & Dobson acquired Budgens supermarkets, with 148 outlets, from Booker McConnell for £80 million in 1986.
Alma Holdings acquired the heavily loss-making confectionery subsidiary of Barker & Dobson for £10 million in 1988. The deal created the fourth largest sugar confectionery manufacturer in Britain.
Alma entered into receivership in 1992, and Hacks and Victory V were sold to Cadbury for £3.1 million, with production relocated to their Trebor Bassett factories. Barker & Dobson and Keiller were acquired by Portfolio Foods for £3 million.
The Barker & Dobson brand is currently owned by Tangerine Confectionery in Britain, although it has been inactive in recent years. Hacks remains a leading confectionery brand in Malaysia.